The Houses of Parliament, also known as the Palace of Westminster, is in the centre of London and is home of the UK Parliament.
The Houses of Parliament (Parliament) is the central institution in the democracy of the United Kingdom by holding the government to account (scrutiny), debating and passing legislation, and representing the diverse views of the electorate and enabling the government to raise taxes.
The business of Parliament takes place in two Houses: the House of Commons and the House of Lords. The House of Commons is represented by Members of Parliament (MPs), each elected from a constituency. The House of Lords has approximately 760 members who are eligible to take part in the work of the House of Lords. The majority are life peers appointed by the Queen on the advice of the Prime Minister.
Along with the House of Commons and the House of Lords, the Crown is an integral part of the institution of Parliament. The Queen plays a constitutional role in opening and dissolving Parliament and approving Bills before they become law.